Electric and hybrid vehicle drives have come a long way in recent years. They are torque and power dense and often rely on fluid cooling to deliver high transient performance during acceleration and regenerative braking. Most are brushless permanent magnet synchronous machines though other machines, such as the induction machine, are used or show potential. This presentation will review the current state-of-the-art for vehicle drive machines and highlight the key characteristics that are required. With their development comes new analysis techniques which will also be addressed.
David Dorrell obtained a PhD degree from The University of Cambridge in 1993. This was on induction motor analysis. He is currently a distinguished professor with The University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa. He has held positions with The Robert Gordon University, UK, The University of Reading, UK, The University of Glasgow, UK, and University of Technology Sydney, Australia. He was Professor of Electrical Machines with The University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban, South Africa (2015-2020) and Director of the EPPEI Specialization Centre in HVDC and FACTS at UKZN. His research interests cover electrical machines, renewable energy, and power systems. He has worked in industry and carried out consultancies. He has published extensively on a range of topics with a wide network of international collaborators. He has over 10000 citations on Google Scholar. He is Chartered Engineer in the UK and Fellow of the IET. He was elevated to Fellow of the IEEE in 2019.
Hydrogen Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell is considered today as a promising technology for low-carbon transport applications. The successful deployment of fuel cell technology in automotive sector is a key element to reach out the European Union’s CO2 emission goal by 2050. After years of developments by research institutions and enterprises, the automotive fuel cell technology has gradually introduced to the market since 2015. In this keynote, we will explore together the key technologies of modern commercial fuel cell electric vehicles, such as Toyota Mirai, Honda Clarity Fuel Cell, etc. The place of fuel cell technology in our future low-carbon transports and the main challenges will also be presented.
Prof. Fei Gao is currently the Deputy Director of the French national CNRS research institute FEMTO-ST (750 researchers) and a Full Professor at the School of Energy and Computer science of the University of Technology of Belfort-Montbeliard (UTBM). His main research fields include fuel cells and their applications in transportation, multi-physical modeling and real time simulation systems. Prof. Gao is the recipient of 2020 IEEE J. David Irwin Early Career Award from IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. He is Fellow of IET and holder of the French research expertise bonus (PEDR) from the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Industrial Electronics Technology News, the Assistant Deputy Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification, and an Associate Editor of 5 other IEEE journals. He is nominated in 2017 as Conferences Committee Chair of IEEE Transportation Electrification Community. He serves since 2019 as Secretary of the Technical Committee on Vehicle and Transportation Systems of IEEE Power Electronics Society and was Chair of the Technical Committee on Transportation Electrification of the IEEE Industry Electronic Society between 2018-2019.
The existing electric grid is not designed to manage power injection at the edge by electric vehicles (EVs), which are increasing with the electrification of transportation. The integration of EVs and distributed energy resources offers multiple challenges for the electric grid operation but also provides solutions, if managed well. Distributed or decentralized control and management architecture are needed for scalable solutions. Also, during adverse events, keeping the power on to critical facilities such as hospitals and fire department is essential. Edge resources including EVs, mobile microgrids and DER helps to improve the resiliency of the critical loads during adverse events and grid disturbances. Advanced algorithms and tools are needed for decision support to coordinate the management strategies among the distribution grid operators and microgrids operators with increasing EVs and DERs. This talk will cover the challenges and solutions for integrating electric vehicles into the power grid.
Anurag K. Srivastava is an associate professor of electric power engineering at Washington State University and the director of the Smart Grid Demonstration and Research Investigation Lab (SGDRIL) within the Energy System Innovation Center (ESIC). He also has a joint appointment as a Senior Scientist with the Pacific Northwest National Lab (PNNL). He received his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 2005. In past years, he has worked in different capacity at the Réseau de transport d´électricité in France; RWTH Aachen University in Germany; PEAK RC, Idaho National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Lab, PJM Interconnection, Schweitzer Engineering Lab (SEL), GE Grid Solutions, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Mississippi State University. His research interest includes data-driven algorithms for power system operation and control including resiliency analysis. He is co-chair of the IEEE Power & Energy Society’s (PES) microgrid working group, vice-chair of power system operation SC, chair of PES voltage stability working group, chair of PES synchrophasors applications working group, co-chair of distributed optimization application in power grid, vice-chair of tools for power grid resilience TF and member of CIGRE C4.47/ C2.25 Resilience WG. Dr. Srivastava is serving or served as an editor of the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, and IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. He has delivered 30+ keynotes/ tutorials/ distinguished lecture in more than 15 countries. He is author of more than 300 technical publications including a book on power system security and 4 patents.
Smart grids take advantage of information and communication technologies to achieve energy efficiency, automation and reliability. Increasingly, smart grids are seeing a proliferation of dynamic new components and devices on the distribution edge of the grid. The integration of these components have led to new strategies for the planning and operational management of grids, particularly through two-way communications and power flow between the grid and consumers. However, these bidirectional communications and the convergence of the information technology and operational technology (IT/OT) networks introduce several security and privacy threats to the grid and the consumers, as demonstrated by the attacks on the Ukrainian power grid in 2015 and 2016.
The vulnerabilities in the grid that may be exploited by an adversary range from issues such as use of legacy equipment, use of public networks to transfer data, lack of proper security protocols such as encryption and authentication, as well as human factors. This talk will start with an introduction to security issues and threats faced by modern power grids. Next, the talk will specifically consider the vulnerabilities in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems that form an integral part of smart grids and where they are used extensively for gathering and analyzing real-time data from the power generation, transmission, and distribution networks. Finally, the talk will conclude with a high-level overview of a system-wide approach for securing and providing in-depth defense for smart grids.
Biplab Sikdar is an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the National University of Singapore where he also serves as the Vice Dean in the Faculty of Engineering. He received the B. Tech. degree in electronics and communication engineering from North Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India, in 1996, the M.Tech. degree in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India, in 1998, and the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA, in 2001. He was an Assistant Professor from 2001-2007 and Associate Professor from 2007-2013 in the Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute from 2001 to 2013. He is a recipient of the NSF CAREER award, the Tan Chin Tuan fellowship from NTU Singapore, the Japan Society for Promotion of Science fellowship, and the Leiv Eiriksson fellowship from the Research Council of Norway. His research interests include IoT and cyber-physical system security, network security, and network performance evaluation. Dr. Sikdar is a member of Eta Kappa Nu and Tau Beta Pi. He served as an Associate Editor for the IEEE Transactions on Communications from 2007 to 2012 and as an Associate Editor for the IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing from 2014-2017.
Professor (Dr) Mohan Kolhe is with the Faculty of Engineering and Science as full professor in Energy Systems Engineering with focus on Smart Grid and Renewable Energy Systems. He has also received the offer of Hafslund Professorship in Smart Grid from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).
Prof. Kolhe has more than twenty-five years' academic experience at international level on electrical and renewable energy systems. He is a leading renewable energy technologist and has previously held academic positions at the world's prestigious universities eg University College London (UK / Australia), University of Dundee (UK); University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); and Hydrogen Research Institute, QC (Canada).
Prof. Kolhe was a member of the Government of South Australia's first renewable energy board (2009-2011) and actively contributed on developing renewable energy policies for South Australia.
Prof. Kolhe's academic work range from the smart grid, grid integration of renewable energy systems, energy storage, electrical vehicles, home energy management system, integrated renewable energy systems for hydrogen production, techno-economics of energy systems, solar and wind energy engineering, development of business models for distributed generation.
Prof. Kolhe has been successful in winning research funding from prestigious research councils (eg EU, Norwegian Research Council, EPSRC, BBSRC, Northern Research Partnership Scotland, etc.) for his work on sustainable energy systems. He has published extensively in the area of Energy Systems Engineering. He has been invited by many international organizations for delivering expert lectures / courses / key note addresses.He also has been a member of many academic promotion committees as well as expert member of international research councils.